In a perfect society, the legal system acts as the last mediator of justice and fairness, guaranteeing that good wins over injustice and that everyone is treated equally before the law. But the truth is frequently more varied. According to a recent survey, 90% of low-income UK residents encounter substantial obstacles when trying to use the legal system, underscoring the intricacies and inequalities that exist inside it. Sometimes it seems that the legal practice intricacies are more about handling a maze-like system than it is about attaining actual justice, given its intricate procedures and layers of restrictions.

Thus, how can we balance the need for justice with the requirements of a system that is frequently attacked for being unfair and complex? This article explores the complications of legal practice, looking at the difficulties and ethical questions faced by lawyers and whether the system itself constitutes a barrier to justice or not.

The Basic Principles of Law Practice

Legal practice is fundamentally based on the ideas of equality, justice, and decency. Legal theories and regulations that regulate the conduct of legal practitioners and the operation of the legal system uphold these principles.

  • Rule of Law

One essential idea that supports the judicial system is the rule of law. It states that the law should be equally applied to and enforced against all people and institutions. This idea aims to guarantee that justice is not only carried out but also perceived to be carried out, so preventing the arbitrary use of authority.

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Example: Because of the rule of law, government operations in democracies are subject to legal examination and officials who misuse their power might face consequences.

  • Due Process

A legal prerequisite known as “due process” guarantees impartial treatment in the legal system. Many procedural protections are involved, including the right to a fair trial, the right to counsel, and the notion of innocence unless and until proven guilty.

Example: The right to counsel ensures litigants the valuable chance to be addressed by a legal counselor during criminal preliminaries, protecting them from illegitimate convictions and guaranteeing a fair preliminary.

Gaining Advances in the Justice System

Even while the goal of the legal system is to further justice, it can be difficult to get around in practice. The obstacles experienced by people seeking justice are a result of a variety of variables, including the intricacy of legal processes, the adversarial tone of court proceedings, and the impact of socioeconomic conditions.

  • Complicated Legal Processes

Legal proceedings are frequently typified by intricate regulations and protocols that may prove challenging for non-specialists to comprehend. Although this intricacy is meant to guarantee accuracy and avoid injustices, it might also erect obstacles in the way of comprehension and accessibility. To gain a greater awareness of the legal system’s influence on human behavior and cognition, individuals investigating the psychological dimensions of legal knowledge may find that Psychology dissertation help offers useful guidance and assistance in explaining the intricacies.

  • Adversarial System

Because judicial proceedings are adversarial, especially in common law systems, winning can occasionally take precedence over discovering the truth. Attorneys advocate on behalf of their clients and frequently use deception and compromise to secure results that may not always conform to the notion of fairness.

  • Access to Justice

Justice accessibility is a major concern, especially for those who are marginalized and economically poor. The cost of legal representation can be unreasonably high, and people who lack means may find it difficult to get fair treatment or efficiently navigate the legal system.

Moral Conundrums in the Practice of Law

Lawyers frequently encounter moral conundrums that call into question their dedication to justice and equity. It can be challenging to strike a balance between their obligations to clients, the court, and larger society objectives.

  • Inherent Disputes of Interest

About their commitment to addressing their clients in court, lawyers should manage possible irreconcilable situations that might emerge. At the point when interests vary, these struggles can prompt difficult choices on the best strategy.

  • Enthusiastic Protest vs Moral Limitations

Inside the boundaries of the law, lawyers are committed to supporting their clients’ advantages effectively. However, in some cases, the strain to obtain results could drive individuals to utilize forceful methodologies that conflict with moral standards.

Fairness in Scales: Restructuring the Framework

Aware of the difficulties and flaws in the legal system, attempts have been made continuously to resolve ethical issues in legal practice, streamline the legal system, and provide access to justice.

  • Legal Procedures Simplified

The goal of efforts to streamline legal processes is to increase the public’s understanding and accessibility of the legal system. This involves efforts to lower administrative barriers, expedite judicial procedures, and enhance the availability of legal tools and information.

Example: To make the legal system more accessible, certain jurisdictions have implemented online dispute resolution systems that let people settle legal disputes without the need for drawn-out court procedures.

  • Enhancing Legal Representation Accessibility

Expanding the availability of legal counsel is essential to guarantee that everyone, irrespective of financial background, can successfully negotiate the legal system. This entails boosting the availability of public defense services, offering financial assistance, and encouraging attorneys to practice pro bono.

Example: To level the playing field in court procedures, legal aid groups provide free or inexpensive legal assistance to those who cannot afford private representation.


The legal system’s pursuit of justice is a challenging and involved undertaking. Indeed, even while equity and fairness are the foundations of the overall set of laws, these standards are sometimes darkened by the real factors of legitimate practice. By comprehending the complexities of legal practice, acknowledging the moral quandaries that legal practitioners face, and supporting changes that improve access to justice, we can attempt to construct a system that not only effectively advances the cause of justice but also preserves the rule of law.


Ursel, S., 2017. Building better law: how design thinking can help us be better lawyers, meet new challenges, and create the future of law. Windsor yearbook of access to justice, 34(1), pp.28-59.


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