The 7018 welding rod is a flexible tool used for welding on metal and different low-alloy metals. This kind of electrode is regularly used for shielded metallic arc welding (SMAW) on plenty of metals, along with carbon steel, low-alloy metallic, or even stainless steel. It produces much less hydrogen.

What is an E7018 Welding Rod?

Because of its immoderate tensile power and coffee hydrogen content fabric, the electrode 7018 specification is a famous electrode inside the welding enterprise. Savouring its characteristics is made easier by acknowledging its designation:

  • E: Stands for the welding rod.

  • 70: shows a 70,000 psi tensile strength. 

  • 1: Denotes that it can be used in all welding positions.

  • 8: Refers to the coating type, which is low-hydrogen, and that it can be used with both AC and DC currents.

Choosing the Right 7018 Welding Rod

When deciding on a 7018 welding rod, look for one that is labelled E7018, using the AWS (American Welding Society) preferred. This class suggests the rod has a low-hydrogen, iron-powder coating that permits the production of an easy, strong arc and a top-notch weld. Avoid using 7024 rods, as they lack the proper fill traits and may be at risk of uncontrolled dripping.

Proper Welding Technique

A correct welding approach is important during the usage of 7018 rods, specifically for vertical-up welding. The first temperature drop aids in organising a shelf for the molten puddle that forestalls it from flowing out. When welding up, use a zigzag weaving motion, letting each phase of the puddle freeze in a region earlier than shifting up. It allows you to counteract the results of gravity and gives you exact root penetration.

Amperage and Arc Length

The 7018 rod requires a better amperage range in comparison to one-of-a-kind stick electrodes. Typically, you will want to use one hundred-one hundred and fifty amps for 1/8″ (3.2mm) rods and 130-a hundred and eighty amps for five/32″ (4mm) rods. Maintain a brief arc period, round 1/eight” to 1/four” (three-6mm), to make certain a strong, penetrating arc.

Preparing the Workpiece

To make pinnacle-notch 7018 welds, it’s miles vital to put together the workpiece well from the start. One ought to start with the aid of disposing of all dirt, rust or mill scale that might be gifted on the surface; this is pleasant achieved through using a twine brush, or grinder among others. More so make sure that edges are nicely prepared by using the use of either a suitable bevel or land to permit for right weld penetration.

Controlling Weld Puddle

When you’re using 7018 rods for welding vertical joints, what matters most is how properly you may control in which the molten metallic goes on metallic elements. It’s when you have to prevent it from becoming a monster; too-massive puddles additionally motivate more drip holes and bad joint strength. Instead, flow a bit slower so that your puddle remains slender and concentrated throughout its movement, as one manner of handling droopy welds at the same time as converting techniques. Apart from that, word how tons tilt there is among the rod and the cloth via shifting forward a bit bit.

Minimizing Porosity

Porosity is a not-unusual trouble that can get up during the use of 7018 welding rods, especially in grimy or contaminated environments. To limit porosity, make sure the workpiece is clean and free of any floor contaminants. Additionally, use a stringer bead technique rather than a weaving movement to help reduce the hazard of trapped gasoline wallets.

Vertical-Up Welding Techniques

Vertical-up welding with 7018 rods calls for extra ability and technique. Start with the aid of putting in a welded shelf, as noted earlier, to help manipulate the molten puddle. Use a zigzag weaving movement, allowing every segment of the puddle to freeze before shifting up. Maintain a short arc length and modify your travel velocity to ensure the right penetration and an easy, uniform weld bead.

Proper Electrode Handling and Storage

Proper management and storage of 7018 welding rods is vital to ensure constant welding. Keep the rods in a dry, low-humidity environment to save you the absorption of moisture that could result in porosity and special defects. Additionally, avoid exposing the rods to immoderate warm temperature or direct daylight, as this can additionally affect their performance.

Tips for Successful Welding with E7018 Rods

Clean Surface: Make certain there are not any impurities, which include paint, oil, or rust, on the welding floor. This lowers the possibility of errors and improves the pleasantness of the weld. 

  • Use Short Arc Length: Shorter arc lengths are much less probable to cause porosity within the weld and resource in preserving a consistent arc. 
  • Practice Good Rod Manipulation: For ultimate penetration and bead form, coach rod manipulation techniques like whipping or weaving. This can be especially crucial while welding out of doors of role. 
  • Proper Cooling: Prevent cracking by allowing the weld to chill regularly, in particular in excessive-power steel. Steer clear of publicity to wind or water for speedy cooling.

Characteristics and Uses

  • Low-Hydrogen Production: Porosity and other weld flaws are less probably to arise with the use of the 7018 welding rod since it creates notably little hydrogen.

  • Versatility: Applications for the 7018 rods encompass heavy-obligation welding operations, fabrications, and maintenance.

  • Ease of Use: Even for beginners, it is easy to use, and for excellent consequences, a brief arc length and low amperage are wished.


In Conclusion, The 7018 welding rod is a flexible and reliable tool for welding on metal and other low-alloy metals. Its low-hydrogen manufacturing, ease of use, and strong welds make it a famous choice for diverse programs. Proper garage and coping with are essential to retaining the incredible of the rod. With exercise and consistency, the 7018 rod allows you to reap super welds on your tasks.


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